If the Danube is the Hapsburg Monarchy’s spinal cord, Trieste is the sensory organ through which it communicates with the rest of the world. Atlantic liners are moored at its jetties, and it is in direct railway communication with every part of Central Europe. Here you become fully conscious of the great industrial hinterland in Styria and Lower Austria, Moravia and Bohemia, which gives the Lloyd work to do in ports thousands of miles away, and you remember the grain and cattle of Hungary which feed the Austrian manufactures like fuel. Standing in Trieste, you at last behold the modern Hapsburg Empire in its true perspective.
Trieste had been Austrian since the fourteenth century, but had a majority of Italians. At the end of the First World War it went to Italy.
In 1943 the Germans seized it, for an outlet to the sea. In 1945 Tito’s troops claimed it. In 1947 it was made into a Free Territory guaranteed by the UN Security Council. Zone A was controlled by the British and Americans and Zone B by Yugoslavia. The arrangement was dissolved in 1954. The Yugoslav zone and part of the British-US zone passed to Yugoslavia (Slovenia) and the remainder of the British-US zone, including the city of Trieste, to Italy. In 1975 Italy relinquished its claims to Zone B.
Österreichischer Lloyd guide book, Constantinopel und Umbebung, Schwarzes Meer, Griechenland, 1902, Wikimedia Commons
The Austrian Adriatic, 1912 (old post).
Nationality and the War, Dent, 1915