Contents of Mankind and Mother Earth

See Bibliography.

~~~

Preface

  1. Riddles in the Phenomena
  2. The Biosphere
  3. The Descent of Man
  4. The Oikoumenê
  5. Technological Revolutions, c. 70,000/40,000 B.C.-3000 B.C.
  6. The Opening-up of the Tigris-Euphrates Alluvium and the Creation of the Sumerian Civilization
  7. The Opening-up of the Nilotic Alluvium and the Creation of the Pharaonic Egyptian Civilization
  8. Sumer and Akkad, c. 3000-2230 B.C.
  9. Pharaonic Egypt, c. 3000-2181 B.C.
  10. The Ecumenical Horizon, c. 2500-2000 B.C.
  11. The Old-World Oikoumenê, c. 2140-1730 B.C.
  12. The Domestication of the Horse and the Invention of Pastoral Nomadism on the Eurasian Steppe
  13. Relations between Regional Civilizations, c. 1730-1250 B.C.
  14. The Völkerwanderung in the Old World, c. 1250-950 B.C.
  15. The Emergence of the “Olmec” Civilization in Meso-America
  16. The Sumero-Akkadian World and Egypt, c. 950-745 B.C.
  17. The Syrian Civilization, c. 1191-745 B.C.
  18. The Hellenic Civilization, c. 1050-750 B.C.
  19. The Indian (Hindu) Civilization, c. 1000-600 B.C.
  20. The Chinese Civilization, 1027-506 B.C.
  21. The Meso-American and Andean Civilizations, c. 800-400 B.C.
  22. The Final Bout of Assyrian Militarism, 745-605 B.C., and the Contemporary Eruption from the Steppes
  23. The Aftermath of Assyrian Militarism, 605-522 B.C.
  24. The Hellenic Civilization, c. 750-507 B.C.
  25. New Departures in Spiritual Life, c. 600-480 B.C.
  26. The First Persian Empire, c. 550-330 B.C.
  27. The Confrontation between the First Persian Empire and the Hellenic World, 499-330 B.C.
  28. The Hellenic Civilization’s Cultural Achievements, 478-338 B.C.
  29. The Political Aftermath of Alexander’s Overthrow of the First Persian Empire, 329-221 B.C.
  30. The Development and Dissemination of the Hellenic Civilization, 334-221 B.C.
  31. The Warring States of China, 506-221 B.C.
  32. The Competing Philosophies in China, 506-221 B.C.
  33. The Indian Civilization, c. 600-200 B.C.
  34. The Struggle for the Mastery of the Western Basin of the Mediterranean, c. 600-221 B.C.
  35. The Ch’in and Western Han Imperial Regimes in China, 221 B.C.-A.D. 9
  36. The Mediterranean Basin, South-West Asia, and India, 221 B.C.-A.D. 48
  37. The Chinese, Kushan, Parthian, and Roman Empires, 31 B.C.-A.D. 220
  38. The Interplay of Religions and Philosophies in the Old-World Oikoumenê, 334 B.C.-c. A.D. 220
  39. The Meso-American and Andean Civilizations, c. 400 B.C.-A.D. 300
  40. The Western End of the Old-World Oikoumenê, A.D. 220-395
  41. The Indian Civilization, c. A.D. 224-490
  42. The Eruption of the Huns from the Eurasian Steppe in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries A.D.
  43. The Roman and Persian Empires, A.D. 395-628
  44. Western Christendom, 395-634
  45. The Establishment and Disruption of the Christian Church, 312-657
  46. The Indian Civilization, c. A.D. 224-490
  47. The Political Disruption of China and her Reception of Buddhism, 220-589
  48. The Meso-American and Andean Civilizations, c. 300-900
  49. The Prophet and Statesman Muhammad, c. 570-632
  50. The Expansion of the Islamic State, 633-750
  51. The Rejuvenation of the East Roman Empire, 628-726
  52. Western Christendom, 634-756
  53. Eastern Asia, 589-763
  54. The Islamic World, 750-945
  55. The Byzantine Civilization, 726-927/8
  56. Western Christendom, 756-911
  57. The Eruption of the Scandinavians, 793-1000
  58. India and South-East Asia, 647-1202
  59. Eastern Asia, 763-1126
  60. The Meso-American and Civilizations, c. 900-1428
  61. The Islamic World, 945-1110
  62. The Byzantine World, 927/8-1071
  63. Western Christendom, 911-1099
  64. The Islamic World, 1110-1291
  65. The Byzantine World, 1071-1240
  66. Western Christendom, 1321-1563
  67. Eastern Asia, 1126-1281
  68. The Mongols and their Successors
  69. The Islamic World, 1291-1555
  70. Eastern Orthodox Christendom, 1240-1556
  71. Western Christendom, 1321-1563
  72. South-East Asia, 1190-1511
  73. Eastern Asia, 1281-1644
  74. The Meso-American and Andean Civilizations, 1428-1519
  75. The Coalescence of the Oikoumenê, 1405-1652
  76. The Western Civilization, 1563-1763
  77. Eastern Orthodox Christendom, 1556-1768
  78. The Islamic World, 1555-1768
  79. Eastern Asia, 1644-1839
  80. The Biosphere, 1763-1871
  81. The Biosphere, 1871-1973
  82. A Retrospect in 1973

Maps

The Physical Setting of the Civilizations
Sumer and Akkad
South-West Asia, Egypt, and the Aegean in the Eighteenth Century B.C.
The Ancient Greek World
The Achaemenian Empire at the Time of Darius
The Contending States of the Sinic World in the Post-Confucian Age
The Mauryan Empire
The Han, Kushan, Parthian, and Roman Empires, A.D. 100
The Emergence of the East Roman Empire out of the Roman Empire
The Rise of Islam 622-733
The Carolingians 800-900
The Distribution of the Judaic Religions in Europe and South-West Asia on the Eve of the Mongol Explosion
The Mongol Empire c. 1310
The Meso-American and Andean Civilizations c. 1500
The Great Powers of the Western World in 1672

Index

2 Responses to “Contents of Mankind and Mother Earth”

  1. K P Fabian Says:

    A great book indeed!

  2. K P Fabian Says:

    Right at the beginning Toynbee speaks of the Western ethnocentric view of history. However, that tendency of the Western mind got highlighted only when Edward Said wrote his ORIENTALISM in 1997. Wonder why Toynbee was not taken note of.


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