Hyderabad, Sindh

December 19 2007




Hyderabad, Sindh, southern Pakistan; not Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, south India. Images from Bernard Rudofsky, Architecture without Architects, New York, Museum of Modern Art, 1964: windscoops (called bad-gir by Rudofsky, müg by Wikipedia) on the roofs of buildings, which channel air into their interiors.

From April to June the temperature in Hyderabad can exceed 50° C, but the wind always blows from the same direction, so the position of the windscoops is fixed. Rudofsky: “In multistoried houses they reach all the way down, doubling as intramural telephones. Although the origin of this contraption is unknown, it has been in use for at least five hundred years.” I suppose modern air-conditioners, punched into the buildings’ walls, have replaced them – but soon afterwards satellite dishes will have taken their place on the roof.

Hyderabad is less than a hundred years older than Sindh’s young capital, Karachi (though there had been settlements on the site previously). It was founded in 1768 by the Sindhi Kalhora dynasty, which ruled Sindh for much of the eighteenth century, as the Mughals lost control over Pakistan. They were succeeded there in 1783 by the Baluch Talpur tribe, who ruled until the British conquered Sindh in 1843 – when Napier is reported to have sent a telegram of one word to the Governor General of India, Peccavi (I have sinned). The Sikh wars in the Punjab began soon afterwards.


Hyderabad in the nineteenth century, Wikipedia

14 Responses to “Hyderabad, Sindh”

  1. alireza dehghani Says:

    please send pictures of wind scoop (badgir) from hydarabad, pakistan

  2. davidderrick Says:

    These are the only ones I have. They are probably copyright, so use must (at a minimum) be fair and not for profit. Are you in Iran?

  3. […] this post on the pre-British history of […]

  4. […] the pre-British site “a fishing settlement”. Before Karachi, the capital of Sindh had been Hyderabad (old post), though even that was a new […]

  5. Ronald van Warmerdam Says:

    The photographs of the Bad-gir windcatchers are from a book of bernard Rudowsky called ” architecture without architects” It is an amazing book of beautiful vernacular architecture.
    I wonder of there are any of these bad-gir left in the city of Hyderabad sind / pakistan. I can’t find in on the www.
    does anybody know?

    thanks for replying.

  6. […] their form in order to aid in the generation of electricity?  Will our cities begin to look like Hyderbad, Pakistan, with its wind scoop-ed skyline?  From April to June the temperature in Hyderabad can […]

  7. kamran Says:

    Dear all,

    i m very sorry to say that unfortunately all these,bad girs have been replacedwith the a new development from hyderabad.
    Our hyderabad is now a very conjusted and poluted place
    Allah plz save my city

    Kamran Shah

    • Ronald van Warmerdam Says:

      Dear Kamran Shah.
      Thank you very much for your reaction. I am sorry to hear that the famous bad girs have been replaced. By aircon? And about the polution in your city!
      I use the fotographs in a presentation of “enegy and city development” because it is an excellent example of how to use natural circumstances to build energy efficient.
      Kind regards from Holland. (Ronald v Warmerdam).

  8. mohsin Says:

    our city from all city becouse we have many natural sources

  9. […] broke the the resistance of the Hindu Maratha Confederacy in the Deccan. The Sikh Wars, after the conquest of Sindh, broke the power of the Sikh […]

  10. Jokhio Shafique Says:

    حيدرآباد جي تاريخ
    حيدرآباد جي تاريخ
    مصنف؛ حُسين بادشاهه
    روشني پبليڪيشن ڪنڊيارو، سنڌ


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