Susa and Ctesiphon

December 3 2008

Susa, 150 miles east of the Tigris, was an Achaemenid capital (Persepolis, the ceremonial capital, was further east).

Seleucia-on-Tigris was the first capital of the Seleucid Empire, though it was officially superseded by Antioch.

Ctesiphon-on-Tigris (opposite the site of Seleucia) and Susa were the joint capitals of Parthia. Susa was briefly taken by Trajan and was the easternmost point reached by the Romans.

Ctesiphon was the Sasanian capital when the Arabs conquered it.

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