NWFP, 1901-2010

June 1 2010

I had missed this.

The North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan was renamed Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act 2010, which received the presidential assent on April 19.

The British conquered the area from the Sikhs in the 1840s and created NWFP as the frontier province of the Raj in 1901. Astonishingly, it retained its name past partition and independence until this year. I spent a happy few weeks there in late 1978, a year before the Russian invasion of Afghanistan (fond memories of Green’s and Dean’s in Peshawar). Renaming the province shakes off a British conception of a frontier and implies solidarity with the Pashtun, who dominate southern Afghanistan, and a rejection of the 1893 Durand Line Agreement.

The Pashtun (Pathan) are a Persian people, like the Tajik of northeast Afghanistan.


Village in the Maidan valley, Lower Dir District, Wikimedia Commons

3 Responses to “NWFP, 1901-2010”

  1. davidderrick Says:

    NWFP was officially in abeyance between 1955 and 1970, when the provinces were merged to form the single unit of West Pakistan, with East Bengal becoming East Pakistan. The western provinces were restored before east and west Pakistan split up in 1971.

  2. […] the Pakistan Military Academy, established at Partition. Both are in the Hazara region of what was until recently called North-West Frontier Province and is now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Islamabad Capital Territory, […]

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