On October 1 1905, a carpenter, František Pavlík (1885-1905), was bayoneted during demonstrations in favour of a Czech university in Brno or Brünn. Brünn was the capital of Moravia and is the second city in the Czech Republic.
Janáček wrote a piano composition about František Pavlík’s death which, at least in its present form, has two movements:
Presentiment (Předtucha) – Con moto
Death (Smrt) – Adagio
Vinia Tsopela’s playing of this poetic masterpiece, whose final movement, Funeral March, was discarded, is full, too emphatic at times. From memory, the performance on record I admire most is Leif Ove Andsnes’s on an old Virgin CD.
Compare Gavrilo Princip.
The Hapsburgs were Dukes of Austria (1282-1453), Archdukes of Austria (1453-1804) and Austrian Emperors (1804-1918).
The Kingdoms of Hungary and Bohemia became constituent states of the Hapsburg monarchy in 1526. Moravia had belonged to Bohemia continuously since 1019, Slovakia (capital: Bratislava or Pressburg or Pózsony) to Hungary since 1000.
There was no Bohemian constitutional settlement equivalent to the Ausgleich with Hungary.
After 1918, Bohemia was separated from Austria and Hungary was dismembered. The Slovakian part of Hungary became part of the new Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-92).